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FROM 1870 - 1914 > FARMING
 
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  Flax Harvest
The growing demand for flax from the linen industry encouraged more Ulster farmers to grow the crop. After the sheaves of flax had been ...
 
  Flax Harvest 2
After the flax stems had rotted labourers had the unpleasant task of removing the retted flax from the dams. The retted flax was then ...
 
  Retted Flax
After the flax had been retted it had to be tied up and built in stacks where it stayed until it was time to send it to a local mill for ...
 
  Hayshed
Stronger farmers were willing to invest profits in new buildings and machinery. While most farmers left their hay outside in stacks, ...
 
  Mechanical Binder
New machinery reduced the demand for agricultural labourers on many Ulster farms. The mechanical binder, which was pulled by horses and ...
 
  Manual work
In spite of the increased use of machinery, a great deal of manual labour was still common on the land. In bogland, which was either ...
 
  Cattle Market
On the day of a cattle market farmers drove their cattle along the roads and into town, looking to sell their animals to other farmers ...
 
  Fair Day
This picture shows a Fair Day in Moy, Co. Tyrone. This allowed local farmers a special chance to trade in livestock. Cattle and horses ...
 
  Hiring Fair
Towards the end of the 19th century hiring fairs were held in 80 Irish towns, mostly in Ulster. There were usually 2 fairs each year ...
 
  Hire Girl
Many of the young women who turned up at the hiring fairs were hoping to be taken on as farm servants for a 6 month stretch. More ...
 
 
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